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Wednesday, 9 March 2016

Read the City (Semiotics of space)

Lire la ville.
New-York city
Read the City  (Semiotics of space)
Claude Dubois : Search for my painting and study of light and color in time (urban landscape)

Considering urban planning as something other than a regulation or set of management techniques of space, it is possible to read the city (within the meaning of logos) in its form, its operation and symbolic. The city of origins is written as a symbolic example of an ideal (the circle / square or sacred / profane) who would live together equal and different. This project - political - then results in a divided circle or a square divided - defined space - in four equal parts: the neighbourhoods. This partition into four by a cardo and a decumanus lead to four gates facing the four cardinal points, symbol - ecumene Augustin Berque - linking humanity or project men to land in extent or inserts a perspective or a divine plan that comes transcend the work of men giving it meaning. We find this almost universal symbolic element as the city plans of regulating lines in China as the Japan and inherited the philosophy of Zou Yan.

A semiotics of space consists of both grammar and vocabulary developed under such Pechère by René (1909-2002) in his Grammar of jardins. The built space or space on which man intervenes, is full of meanings. However, few studies and more teaching this discipline. One of the founding texts of this approach is undoubtedly that of Françoise Choay entitled Semiotics and 19695. Among the contributions of planning the development of a semiotic approach to space include the work and during Gobindo to Chaudury the School of architecture of Paris-La Villette on sacrée architecture. It is in this field of sacred architecture that we find the most studied symbolic archetypes.

The development to the entire urban space with a repository that borrows from various cultures was initiated by Alexandros Lagopoulos. The semiotics of space also applies to founding narratives and myths cities like rites foundation and dédicace. In ancient times, draw the plan of a city was not a trivial matter to the extent that by this act of creation man could compete with the gods, as it was appropriate to place the city under the protection of deities tutelary after some sacrifices and prayers. The Romans founded many institutions across Europe were drawing their plans in the field by surveyors using groma, surveyors who were also priests.
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